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10 Facts Your Child Must Know About India’s Republic Day

In the spirit of patriotism and in memory of our forefathers who gave us this country, we’re bringing you interesting Constitutional and other facts about India’s Republic Day :



  • Republic day of India is celebrated on January 26 because on this day the constitution of India which was written by Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar came into force. It was on this day in 1930 that ‘Purna Swaraj’ was declared.


  • India’s Constitution is the longest in the world. It has a total of 448 articles in 22 Parts, 12 Schedules and 97 Amendments. There are two (both Hindi and English) hand-written and calligraphed copies of the Constitution. The copies are kept in helium filled cases in the Parliament’s library.


  • Dr B.R. Ambedkar took 2 years and 11 months to draft the Indian Constitution.


  • A Christian song, Abide With Me, is played at the Republic Day Parade. It is believed to be one of Mahatma Gandhi’s favourite songs.


  • The parade is the main event of India’s Republic Day celebrations; to showcase cultural diversity with tableaus representing ever state, display arms and a chance for soldiers in the army, navy and air force alike.
    Tableaus to watch out for this year : BSF Women Contingent, ASEAN Countries, Income Tax Department


  • Rajpath wasn’t always where the R-Day parade was held. During 1950–1954, the celebrations were organised at different venues including Irwin Stadium, Kingsway, Red Fort and Ramlila Grounds. It was only after the parade was held at Rajpath in 1955 that the venue became the permanent location for holding the celebrations.


  • While the Prime Minister is the protagonist during the Independence Day celebrations, it is the President who takes the center stage during the Republic Day celebrations. The President takes the military salute as the Commander in Chief of Indian Armed forces, in Delhi while all the governors take the respective salutes in the state capitals. The President is accompanied by a foreign head of state as the official guest.


  • The President awards 24 Indian children annually with the National Bravery Award, on the eve of Republic Day, to celebrate regular acts of courage. The award is given across 5 categories to children between the ages of 6 and 18 {at the time of the act of bravery} and comprises a medal, certificate and cash prize. The Government of India and the Indian Council for Child Welfare present the award, and recipients make the trip down Rajpath on elephants.


  • A majority of national awards such as Bharat Ratna, Padma Bhushan and Kirti Chakra are also awarded during the Republic Day ceremony.


  • The ‘Beating Retreat’ held on 29th January, marks the end of all Republic day celebrations in the country. The ceremony is held Vijay Chowk where bands of the Indian Army, Indian Air Force and Indian Navy perform.


Nothing arouses more pride in the heart of every Indian, than to see the fluttering tricolour, on 26th January: a day that celebrates the fact that we are second to none. Let’s take a moment to salute the grand constitution of our country.

Happy Republic Day!