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Stay Indoors – Caution against the Heat Wave

As you all may already be aware, a severe heat wave has affected many states in India with temperatures already ranging from 43-48 degree Celsius, and it is expected to continue in the coming months. Exposure to excessive temperatures for a sustained period can pose health risks ranging from relatively mild rashes and sunburn up to heat stroke – a medical emergency.

 

Following are a few dos and don’ts for your consideration to stay safe this summer:

 

Health Impact of a Heat Wave

The health impact of heat waves typically involves dehydration, heat cramps, heat exhaustion and/or heat stroke. The signs and symptoms are as follows:

 

  • Heat Cramps: Ederna (swelling) and Syncope (fainting) generally accompanied by fever
  • Heat Exhaustion: Fatigue, weakness, dizziness, headache, nausea, vomiting, muscle cramps and sweating
  • Heat Stroke: Body temperatures of 104 degree Fahrenheit or more along with delirium, seizures or coma. This is a potential fatal condition.

 

Dos
  • Avoid staying outdoors, especially when the sun is the strongest (between 10 am and 4 pm).
  • Drink plenty of fluids.
  • Use air conditioning and fans to reduce exposure to sustained high temperatures.
  • Wear loose, cool clothing that covers the body.
  • Use sunscreen with a Sun Protection Factor (SPF) of 15 or higher.
  • Protect the face and eyes. Wear a hat and UV filtering sunglasses.
  • In case of heat rash, alleviate the discomfort by keeping cool and bathing often. If the rash is itchy, please seek medical help.
  • Rest immediately if you begin to feel weak or dizzy. Lie down in a cool, shaded place and seek medical assistance if symptoms persist.

 

Don’ts
  • Avoid caffeinated, sugary, alcoholic drinks.
  • Avoid excess physical activity.
  • Do not send children or pets out in the sun or leave them in closed vehicles.
  • Avoid wearing dark, heavy or tight clothing.

 

Stay safe and stay indoors.

 

Looking for some fun indoor activities for the hot summer days ahead, this list should help.

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